The Flags of the UK and Ireland

Union Jack

The United Kingdom Of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The British Union Flag is commonly called the 'Union Jack' and is it represents the flags of the kingdoms of England and Wales, Scotland and of Northern Ireland. The design reflects the 1801 Act of Union between Britain and Ireland (the Welsh flag was not incorporated into the British Union Flag). The flag should always be flown with broader white diagonal in the higher position, nearest the top of the flagpole. If it is ever flown upside down, with the broader white stripe at the base, it is usually taken as a sign of distress or emergency.

Uk Arms

The Arms of The United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

The Cross of St. George

England
The flag of England is displays the Cross of St. George, which is a red cross on a white background and was first adopted as the English national flag by Richard the Lion heart around 1300.

The national flower of England is the Rose and is used, by the England Rugby team as their badge.

Arms of England

The Arms of England. The patron saint of England is St. George and England's national day is St. George's Day which is held on the 23rd of April.

St. Andrew's Cross

Scotland
The flag of Scotland is the St. Andrew's Cross which displays the x-shaped saltaire cross on which St. Andrew was crucified and it has been Scotland's national symbol. King James I merged it with the national flag of England in 1606 when the two kingdoms were united. It has become very popular in Scotland and is also used by the Scottish National Party.

Scotlands Arms

The Arms of Scotland. The national flower of Scotland is the Thistle and the Patron saint is St. Andrew. Some of his bones are said to have been brought to St Andrews in Fife during the 4th century. St. Andrew's Day, is held on 30th of November.

Tricolour

Ireland (Tricolour)
Ireland's flag, also known as the Tricolour, has its origins in the French Revolution and the French flag. The design was to signify the peace (white) between Nationalists (green) and Unionists (orange). It was first flown in Dublin during the 1916 Easter Rising, and has been used by Ireland's Nationalists and Republicans North and South of the border ever since.

Arms of the Republic of Ireland

The Arms of the Republic of Ireland. The national Flower of Ireland is the shamrock, which was also called the "seamroy" by the Celts, was a sacred plant in ancient Ireland because it symbolized the rebirth of spring and later the Holy Trinity by the Christians. The Irish Patron Saint is St Patrick and is celebrated on March 17th.

Arms of Ulster

Northern Ireland
The Northern Ireland Flag. This flag is based upon the St. George's Cross with the Crown, the Star of David, and the Red Hand of Ulster.

Northern Ireland is the smallest of the Home Nations of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and there is no official Flag of Northern Ireland, as the 'Red Hand Flag' was abolished in 1972. Unionists tend to use the Union flag and sometimes the Red Hand Flag, while Nationalists generally use the Flag of Ireland.

The Channel Isles
The island Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands are Crown protectorates but separates states from the rest of the United Kingdom, with their own Governments.

Flag of Jersey

Jersey
The Jersey flag is White with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag and in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a Gold crown, a red shield with the three lions of England in Gold.

Arms of Jersey

The Arms of the Bailiwick of Jersey which is not a part of the UK, but is rather a separate possession of the Crown, comparable to the Isle of Man. It is not a part of the European Union either.

Flag of Guernsey

Guernsey
The Guernsey flag white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) and a Gold equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross.

Arms of Guernsey

The Arms of the Bailiwick of Guernsey also includes Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, Burhou and other islets

Flag of Alderney

Alderney
The flag of Alderney is white with a St George Cross and the badge of the island in the middle. The badge is a green disc bearing a crowned lion rampant holding a sprig of leaves.

Arms of Alderney

Arms of the Island of Aldeney which is part of the bailiwick of Guernsey. The States of Alderney is the legislature of the island, and it has a voice in the States of Guernsey as well.

Flag of Sark

Sark
The flag of Sark which is the flag of the Seigneur of Sark, is white with a red St George cross and a red square containing two gold lions. This is similar to the arms of Normandy, not far from Sark.

Sark is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey and was until very recently considered to be the last feudal state in Europe. The Seigneur of Sark is the head of the feudal government of the Isle of Sark. Many of the laws, particularly those related to inheritance and the rule of the Seigneur, are little changed since they were enacted in 1565.

Arms of Sark

Arms of the Island of Sark. Sark's constitution has been democratised in recent years. More power is now in the hands of the elected members of the legislature, the Chief Pleas.

Flag of Wales

Wales
The Welsh flag has two equal horizontal stripes, white above green, and a large red dragon which became the symbol of the Welsh nation through its adoption by the Tudor Kings.

The national Flower is the Daffodil or the Leek which has been displayed as a Welsh emblem since at least 1536 although the daffodil is now the more popular of the two flower emblems.

Arms of Wales

The arms of the Prince of Wales are based on those of Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, the last native Prince of Wales. The Patron saint is St. David (c.520-588) and he was the founder and first abbot-bishop of St. David's in the county of Pembrokeshire. the national day is celebrated on the 1st of March.

Flag of Manx

The Isle of Man
Is a Crown Protectorate but a separate state in it's own right and not part of the United Kingdom. The Manx Symbol is the Three Legs of Man, first officially used in the early 14th century on the Manx Sword of State. The legs, clad in armour and bearing spurs, run in a clockwise direction and bear the Latin motto 'Quocunque Jeceris Stabit' or 'Whichever way you throw it, it will stand'.

Arms of Manx

The Arms of The Island Of Man, the Three armoured legs, also feature on the Manx Coat of Arms, flanked by a Peregrine Falcon and a Raven. The source of the legs emblem is based on the legend of the Island God Manannan, who is said to have set fire to the Legs in a fit of rage and hurled them down the hill in a burning wheel.

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